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IS-328: Plan Review for Local Mitigation Plans

1. Which of the following would be an appropriate comment regarding a REQUIRED REVISION? A. The plan does not meet sub-element B1 and must be revised so that it complies with Federal planning regulations

B. This section of the plan is imprecise

C. The plan does not meet sub-element B1 because it does not identify locations within the planning area that may experience a landslide. If the entire planning area is prone to landslides, state this. If only some parts of the planning area are prone to landslides, describe these locations in a narrative (e.g., landslide areas are the hillsides along the north side of State Route 6 between Alpha Road and Beta Street) or include a map that identifies these locations.

D. The plan is poorly worded and difficult to follow and must be rewritten

2. Which of the following statements are appropriate for the Plan Assessment? A. The area clearly needs a new hydrologic and hydraulic study because the areas that are flooded seem to be increasing in acreage every year.

B. The plan fails to describe the location of flood-prone areas.

C. The plan should include photos to show the level of damage due to the most recent floods.

D. The plan uses Hazus to produce estimates of losses due to flooding even though this level of study is not required by planning regulations.

3. FEMA uses a “performance” based approach rather than a “prescriptive” approach when publishing mitigation planning guidance. FEMA’s approach means that requirements identify, generally, what should be done in the process and documented in the plan, rather than specify exactly how it should be done. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

4. Plan reviewers look for documentation of how stakeholders and the public were invited to participate in the planning process. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

5. The following comment is appropriate for a plan reviewer to enter in the Plan Assessment section of the Plan Review Tool:

“The plan says that there has been no new development in the planning area in the past decade, which is completely unreasonable. Think about new roads as well as new residential and commercial development in the area and revise this section of the plan so that it can be approved.” A. TRUE

B. FALSE

6. Which of the following would be most appropriate for documenting the provision of an opportunity for public participating during the drafting state of the planning process? A. Sign-in sheets from an open house held at the local library to celebrate the opening of a new children’s library

B. Sign-in sheets from open meetings about mitigation planning and copies of comments received about the draft plan through an interactive Web site

C. Photograph of a public meeting from the FEMA Photo Library

D. Minutes of a public meeting where hazard mitigation planning was not discussed

7. The following sentence is appropriate for a plan reviewer to enter in the Plan Assessment section of the Plan Review Tool:

“Potential dollar loss estimates are not addressed in this plan but would be a good addition to the next update.” A. TRUE

B. FALSE

8. Plan reviewers can approve a plan that may completely omit consideration of a natural hazard from the planning process even if the hazard is commonly recognized as having the potential to occur in the planning area. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

9. Which of the following actions would NOT be consistent with the Guiding Principles? A. Accept the planning process as defined by the local community

B. Review the plan to validate compliance with the intent of mitigation planning regulations

C. Work with the state to ensure that the plan review is communicated clearly and is completed in a timely manner

D. Focus the review on the methodology used for estimating the potential cost of future damage and look for ways to deny approval of the plan

10. The plan must address natural hazards. Manmade or human-caused or technological hazards may be addressed in the local mitigation plan, but these are not required. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

11. Plan reviewers look for information about other community planning mechanisms in the plan because mitigation goals, objectives, and actions could conceivably become an integral part of the Local Comprehensive Plan, Community Economic Development Plan, and the Community Post-Disaster Recovery Plan. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

12. For a multi-jurisdictional plan, only the hazards that have the potential to affect the entire planning area must be identified and analyzed in the plan. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

13. Plan reviewers understand that the local hazard mitigation plan is a unique and standalone planning mechanism. Although plans typically include information about other local plans, plan reviewers do not look for information about how information from these other plans or studies was incorporated into the mitigation plan. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

14. The purpose of the Plan Assessment is to criticize elements of the plan that are not required by law. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

15. The purpose of the Plan Assessment is to offer more comprehensive feedback on the quality of the plan, provide suggestions for improvement, identify strengths of the plan, and include recommendations for implementation of the plan. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

16. FEMA plan reviewers should require that extraneous information be removed from a plan, including information about technological hazards, prior to plan approval. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

17. A sound hazard identification and risk assessment is actually more important than the proposed mitigation action strategy. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

18. If a planning element is not met, the reviewer must explain the shortcomings in the box titled “REQUIRED REVISIONS” and provide a clear explanation of the revisions that are necessary for plan approval. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

19. Which of the following is NOT a reason to review a local hazard mitigation plan? A. To provide current information to the community about mitigation funding opportunities

B. To provide current information to the community about hazard mitigation or flood insurance training and technical assistance opportunities

C. To qualify a community for applying for and receiving Hazard Mitigation Assistance grant funds

D. To disqualify a community from receiving Hazard Mitigation Assistance grant funds

20. When reviewing the mitigation strategy, plan reviewers look for proof that the community used the FEMA Benefit-Cost Analysis software to determine if each proposed action will be cost-effective. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

21. Which of the following would a reviewer identify as mitigation actions? A. Elevating structures in a floodplain and clearing flammable materials away from structures in a wildfire-prone area

B. Conducting an exercise to test the Emergency Action Plan developed for a dam in the planning area

C. Clearing debris from roadways following an ice storm

D. Purchasing new fire trucks and other emergency response vehicles

22. For a multi-jurisdictional plan, a single mitigation strategy is always sufficient because all of the jurisdictions will generally face the same hazards and have similar capabilities for implementing mitigation actions. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

23. When reviewing a multi-jurisdictional plan, a plan reviewer will not accept a statement that a hazard such as extreme heat can affect the “entire planning area” as an adequate description of the location of a hazard. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

24. The following paragraph is appropriate for a plan reviewer to enter in the Plan Assessment section of the Plan Review Tool:

“The plan contains excellent information on funding sources and resources for implementing mitigation actions. It may also be useful to include contact information for the State Hazard Mitigation Offices among these resources since the State is responsible for coordinating the implementation of many of these programs within the State.” A. TRUE

B. FALSE

25. Plan reviewers look for a schedule and method for keeping the plan current by monitoring or tracking the implementation of mitigation actions and evaluating the effectiveness of the plan in achieving its stated goals. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

26. The purpose of the Plan Assessment is to offer the local community more comprehensive narrative feedback on the quality and utility of the plan for future consideration. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

27. Which of the following actions would be consistent with the Guiding Principles? A. Postpone the plan review because the community’s eligibility for receiving Hazard Mitigation Assistance grant funds does not expire for another 12 months

B. Do not respond to questions about the plan review posed by the State because plan review is a FEMA responsibility

C. Require modifications in the organization of the plan so that information is presented in the order that questions are asked in the Regulatory Checklist; this will facilitate the final review

D. Accept the planning process as defined by the local community

28. The following paragraph is appropriate for a plan reviewer to enter in the Plan Assessment section of the Plan Review Tool:

“The plan lists critical structures in the community, but does nothing with this information such as estimating losses that will be incurred should each of the different identified hazards occur. This is a weakness that shows a lack of understanding of the purpose of a mitigation plan.” A. TRUE

B. FALSE

29. When reviewing an updated plan, the plan reviewer looks for information about hazards events that have occurred since the last plan was developed. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

30. Plan reviewers use the Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide to ensure that local mitigation plans meet the requirements of the Stafford Act and Title 44 Code of Federal Regulations 201.6. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

31. When reviewing the risk assessment, plan reviewers look for proof that the community used the most sophisticated technologies currently approved by FEMA; otherwise, the conclusions of the risk assessment are not considered by plan reviewers to be accurate. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

32. The Regulation Checklist leads the plan reviewer through systematic consideration of each require element of a local hazard mitigation plan. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

33. FEMA reviews local plans to foster federal, state, and local partnerships for hazard mitigation; promote more resilient and sustainable communities; and reduce the costs associated with disaster response and recovery by promoting hazard mitigation activities. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

34. Which of the following best describes the information that a plan reviewer would expect to find in an updated mitigation plan? A. Copy of newspaper article about an Emergency Management Department Building constructed in the community since the last plan was approved

B. Names, titles, and affiliations of government officials elected since the last plan was approved

C. Summary of mitigation actions that have been completed and information about new development that has occurred in hazard-prone locations since the last plan was approved

D. Copy of zoning regulations adopted since the last plan was approved

35. When reviewing the planning process, the plan reviewer looks for evidence of involvement of top, elected public officials and will approve a plan even if there is no documentation of public involvement opportunities. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

36. A plan reviewer understands that the purpose of listing existing community plans, policies, and programs is to demonstrate that a community possesses the technical capability to develop a high quality local hazard mitigation plan. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

37. When reviewing an updated mitigation plan, the plan reviewer knows that the public was involved in developing the earlier, approved version of the plan and understands that there is no requirement for public involvement in the process of updating the plan. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

38. Which of the following activities would a reviewer expect to read about as part of the mitigation planning process? A. Developing detailed blue prints for construction of a large community saferoom

B. Obtaining cost proposals from a number of qualified bidders for installation of hurricane shutters on all public buildings in the planning area

C. Surveying local residents about levels of education, income, and marital status

D. Posting information about planning meetings on the community Web site and conducting mitigation planning workshops

39. A plan that describes a complicated planning process makes for a stronger and better plan than a plan that describes a relatively simple planning process. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

40. Which of the following best describes the purpose of reviewing a local hazard mitigation plan? A. To determine whether the plan is consistent with current practice and philosophy of planning

B. To determine whether the plan meets the requirements of 44 CFR 59.1

C. To learn how the local community has saved money by mitigating the potential effects of natural and human-caused hazards

D. To determine whether the plan meets the requirements of 44 CFR 201.6

41. Mitigation planning requirements together with various FEMA guidance documents specify not only what should be part of the process but, more importantly, specify exactly how the process should be carried out. A. TRUE

B. FALSE

42. The following paragraphs are appropriate for a plan reviewer to enter in the Plan Assessment section of the Plan Review Tool:

“Plan Strength: The updated plan lists dates of annual plan review meetings over the past 5 years. Section 7.4 states that the plan will continue to be reviewed annually to monitor progress of the mitigation actions.

Opportunity for Improvement: The Plan lists mitigation actions that were proposed in the previous plan but were not implemented. It would be useful if the plan described obstacles that prevented progress on mitigation actions so that these may be addressed more fully when the plan is next updated.” A. TRUE

B. FALSE


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