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FEMA IS-230.d: Fundamentals of Emergency Management Answers

1. Which of the following statements about the Stafford Act is correct? Under the Stafford Act:
A. The types of incidents that may qualify as a major disaster are extremely broad.
B. The President may only declare a major disaster at the request of a Governor or tribal Chief Executive who
certifies the State or tribal government and affected local governments are overwhelmed.
C. An emergency is defined as any natural catastrophe for which, in the determination of the President,
Federal assistance is needed to supplement State, tribal, and local efforts and capabilities to save lives.
D. The Federal assistance available for major disasters is more limited than that which is available for

2. Which mission area includes restoring health and social services networks and returning economic and
business activities to a healthy state?
A. Prevention
B. Protection
C. Response
D. Recovery

3. The emergency operations plan is a key component of an emergency management program that:
A. Serves primarily as a budgeting document for acquiring emergency management resources.
B. Is required in order for a jurisdiction to receive Federal assistance with mitigation initiatives.
C. Establishes the overall authority, roles, and functions performed during incidents
D. Provides standard operating procedures for responding to specific types of incidents.

4. Which of the following presents an integrated set of guidance, programs, and processes that enables the
whole community to meet the National Preparedness Goal.
A. State Training and Exercise System
B. National Preparedness System
C. Community Response System
D. Incident Command System

5. ____ has emergency services departments capable of responding to emergencies that include law
enforcement, fire/emergency medical services, and public works.
A. State government
B. Local government
C. Federal Government

6. Emergency managers consider and take into account all threats/hazards, all phases, all stakeholders, and all
impacts relevant to disasters. This statement describes which emergency management principle?
A. Risk-Driven
B. Integrated
C. Progressive
D. Comprehensive

7. Which of the folowing statements is FALSE?
A. While private-sector organizations are important in building resilient communities before an incident occurs,
they play a limited role, if any, during an incident .
B. Nonprofit organizations bolster and support government efforts. These organizations collaborate with
responders, governments at all levels, and other agencies and organizations.
C. Private and nonprofit sectors are encouraged to develop contingency plans and to work with State, tribal,
and local planners to ensure that their plans are consistent with other pertinent plans.
D. Government agencies are responsible for protecting the lives and property of their citizens and promoting
their well-being. However, the government does not, and cannot, work alone.

8. Select the TRUE statement:
A. The primary focus of recovery is on the restoration of physical structures rather than returning economic
and business activities to a healthy state.
B. Recovery is primarily a responsibility of local government. Therefore, the Federal Government provides very
limited assistance for recovery under the Stafford Act.
C. Recovery efforts are most effective when jurisdictions wait until responders have completed all response
D. Long-term recovery can take months or years because it is a complex process of revitalizing homes,
businesses, public infrastructure, and the community’s economy and restoring quality of life.

9. In addition to emergency core functions, the emergency manager directs day-to-day program functions. An
example of a day-to-day function is:
A. Emergency public information
B. Hazard mitigation
C. Public health and medical services
D. Direction, control, and coordination

10. Local elected or appointed officials
A. Conduct a preliminary damage assessment and submit documentation to FEMA requesting a Federal
disaster declaration.
B. Delegate responsibility for emergency management and typically are not involved in the incident response
and recovery.
C. Should be present at the Incident Command Post to direct the first responders in executing tactical
D. May need to help shape or modify laws, policies, and budgets to aid preparedness efforts and to improve
emergency management and response capabilities.

11. Specific areas of authority and responsibilities for emergency management should be clearly stated in local
ordinances and laws. These ordinances and laws should specify a specific line of succession for elected officials
and require that departments of government establish lines of succession.

12. Which of the following is an example of a prevention activity?
A. Requiring identification for site access
B. Mobilizing search and rescue teams
C. Setting up a network of clinics to provide neighborhood-based healthcare access for residents affected by a
D. Passing an ordinance on controlling development in a floodplain

13. While every part of an emergency management program has its own role and function, private citizens are
solely responsible for the protection of life and property.

14. Mission areas are comprised of the capabilities required for executing a function at any time (before, during,
or after an incident) and across all threats and hazards. Four of the five preparedness mission areas are:
Prevention, Protection, Response, and Recovery. Which is the fifth mission area?
A. Readiness
B. Planning
C. Mitigation
D. Preparation

15. Which of the following statements about an emergency operations center (EOC) is correct?
A. An EOC allows decision makers to operate in one place to coordinate and communicate with support staff.
B. Having multiple EOCs allows for more efficient management of resources.
C. An EOC should be located as close to the incident site as possible.
D. To be most effective, an EOC should be organized according to Emergency Support Functions.

16. What capabilities focus on reducing loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters?
A. Response
B. Management
C. Mitigation
D. Protection

17. The Whole Community concept means that residents, emergency management practitioners, organization
and community leaders, and government officials:
A. Work together to assess the needs of their respective communities and determine the best ways to
organize and strengthen their assets, capacities, and interests.
B. Prioritize which members of the community will receive assistance if response and recovery resources are
C. Rely on the expertise and resources of the Federal Government to rebuild their communities in a safer,
stronger way following a disaster.
D. Become self-reliant in responding to disaster so that they will not need to request assistance through
mutual aid or other means.

18. Which part of the emergency operations plan includes the Purpose, Scope, Situation Overview, Assumptions,
Concept of Operations, and Organization and Assignment of Responsibilities?
A. Annexes
B. Appendixes
C. Basic Plan
D. Executive Summary

19. This authority emphasizes that Federal disaster assistance is intended to supplement, not supplant, the
resources of State, local, and private-sector organizations.
A. Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006
B. Sandy Recovery Improvement Act of 2013
C. Executive Order 12127
D. Executive Order 10427

20. _____ is responsible for coordinating Federal resources that support State, local, tribal,
and territorial efforts when a Federal emergency or disaster is declared.
A. Local government
B. Regional government
C. State government

21. Categorizing, by capability, the resources requested, deployed, and used in incidents is referred to as:
A. Resource typing
B. Resource grouping
C. Resource classifying
D. Resource cataloging

22. Which of the folowing statements is FALSE?
A. Individuals and families can contribute by reducing hazards in and around their homes; developing a
preparedness plan; and assembling emergency supplies.
B. Nonprofit organizations often have a commitment to the specific set of interests and values of their
members, and therefore should be excluded from emergency management planning efforts.
C. Nongovernmental organizations often provide sheltering, emergency food supplies, counseling services,
and other vital support services to support response and promote the recovery of disaster survivors.
D. Jurisdictions must work closely with private-sector entities that provide water, power, communications
networks, transportation, medical care, security, and numerous other services.

23. One key function of Emergency Operations Center (EOC) personnel is to
A. Assume chain of command for all personnel working at the incident scene.
B. Establish the optimal span of control for supervising responders
C. Ensure that the Incident Commander has needed resources (i.e., personnel, tools, and equipment)
D. Determine tactical objectives and direction for managing the incident.

24. All of the following are important emergency management planning principles EXCEPT FOR:
A. Planning should be flexible enough to address both traditional and catastrophic incidents.
B. Planning results in unique plans for every type of threat or hazard.
C. Planning is fundamentally a process to manage risk.
D. Planning must be community based, representing the whole population and its needs.

25. States delegate authority to their sub-units of government (including counties, municipalities, towns or
townships, and villages). This delegation creates local autonomy and limits the degree of State influence in local
affairs. What is the term used to describe this delegation?
A. Home rule
B. Self-governance
C. Limits of power
D. Jurisdictional autonomy

26. Identifying threats and hazards and applying physical, technological, and cyber measures to limit access are
examples of capabilities that support which mission areas?
A. Preparedness and Policing
B. Protection and Prevention
C. Response and Recovery
D. Mitigation and Management

27. What level of government has direct responsibility for the safety of its residents and direct knowledge of the
situation and accompanying resource requirements?
A. Local and tribal government
B. Regional government
C. State government
D. Federal Government

28. What type of measures considers ways to reduce consequences together with the overall risk from specific
threats and other community goals?
A. Mitigation
B. Readiness
C. Response
D. Prevention

29. Which of the following is NOT a feature of the Incident Command System?
A. Manageable span of control
B. Pre-designated incident locations and facilities
C. Management by objectives
D. Specialized code and terminology

30. Under the Stafford Act
A. The Secretary of Homeland Security is responsibility for coordinating Government response efforts.
B. The FEMA Administrator may assume the authorities of local, tribal, and State authorities on a temporary
C. The Federal Government may provide unlimited Federal assistance to jurisdictions.
D. The President may designate an incident as either an “emergency” or a “major disaster.”

31. Which FEMA mitigation program assists in implementing long-term hazard mitigation measures following
Presidential disaster declarations?
A. Repetitive Flood Claims (RFC)
B. Severe Repetitive Loss (SRL)
C. Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM)
D. Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)

32. Integrated emergency management is:
A. Intended to create an organizational culture that is critical to achieving unity of effort between all
B. A new concept to ensure that jurisdictions are prepared to response to human-caused incidents, such as
terrorist attacks.
C. Used only during times of disasters and should not be integrated into the daily decisionmaking process
within a jurisdiction.
D. A detailed methodology used when needed to manage complex incidents that are beyond a jurisdiction’s

33. Emergency management principles help us identify and apply agreed-upon practices

34. ________ is a core function implemented during an emergency.
A. Finance and administration
B. Threat and hazard analysis
C. Public education and information
D. Logistics management and resource support

35. Which emergency management partner is responsible for coordinating all components of the emergency
management system for a community?
B. State Governor
C. State Emergency Management Agency
D. Local emergency manager

36. The local emergency manager has the responsibility for coordinating emergency management programs and
activities. A local emergency manger is responsible for all of the following activities EXCEPT FOR:
A. Identifying and analyzing the potential impacts of hazards that threaten the jurisdiction.
B. Developing an Incident Action Plan that specifies tactics for first responders
C. Coordinating the planning process and working cooperatively with response partners.
D. Managing resources before, during, and after a major emergency or disaster.

37. Which of the following is NOT a key function of the Multiagency Coordination System?
A. Interagency activities
B. Incident command
C. Critical resource planning
D. Situation assessment

38. What capabilities focus on saving lives, protecting property and the environment, and meeting basic human
needs and begin when an incident is imminent or immediately after an event occurs?
A. Recovery
B. Rescue
C. Response
D. Readiness

39. Emergency managers create and sustain broad and sincere relationships among individuals and organizations to encourage trust, advocate a team atmosphere, build consensus, and facilitate communication. This statement describes which emergency management principle?
A. Coordinated
B. Flexible
C. Collaborative
D. Integrated