FEMA IS 320: Wildfire Mitigation Basics for Mitigation Staff Answers
1. Which of the following describes mitigation measures to create defensible space in Zone 1?
A. Locate shrubs away from the drip line of the structure’s roof.
B. Place flammable chemicals in a shed at the edge of this zone.
C. Plant trees 3 feet away from the structure.
D. Remove combustible litter on roofs and gutters and trim tree branches that overhang the roof and chimney.
2. Building officials reinforce to the public the importance of using licensed professionals for structural repairs or mitigation.
3. Topography, humidity, and the proximity of structures all affect the rate at which a wildfire spreads.
4. Why is it important to direct members of the public to local building officials before they begin the process of repairing or rebuilding?
A. FEMA wants to avoid liability for making incorrect recommendations.
B. Building officials will force citizens to use licensed professionals to do the repairs.-
C. Their community may have a floodplain ordinance, a building code, and/or or other requirements.
D. None of the above.
5. Firebrands ignite areas only immediately adjacent to the flames.
6. Fireproof screening is only recommended for crawlspace vents, not for attic vents or chimney caps.
7. Which of the following statements is true about creating defensible space in Zone 2?
A. Mitigation measures in this zone begin approximately 30 feet from the structure in all directions.
B. Trees should be planted at least 10 feet apart.
C. An irrigation system or hose(s) long enough to reach this area should be available.
D. Trees should be planted as far away from the structure as they will be tall at maturity.
E. All of the above
8. Which organization(s) partner with FEMA to provide user-friendly information and guidance on wildfire mitigation?
C. Firewise Communities
D. All of the above
E. None of the above
9. Of the online FEMA-partner organizations below, which one would you recommend to the public?
A. Federal Alliance for Safe Homes
B. The Firewise Communities Program
C. Institute for Business and Home Safety
D. All of the above.
10. In wildfire mitigation, the term “convection” refers to columns of rising hot air and sinking cold air.
11. Which of the following lists contain only fire resistant construction items?
A. Class A roofing material, fireproof screening for crawlspaces, vinyl siding, and tempered glass windows/doors
B. Double paned and tempered exterior glass windows, grade A roofing materials, brick exterior walls, spark arrestors on chimney, and fireproof screening for crawlspaces
C. Wood shingles, spark arrestor for chimney, and stucco exterior walls
D. Attic vents boxed in with noncombustible material, wood siding exterior, and tempered exterior glass windows and doors
E. Double-paned windows, brick exterior, vinyl soffits, and class A roofing material
12. One of the best resources to recommend to the public for wildfire mitigation is the Hazard Mitigation Disaster Workforce Website.
13. Which mitigation actions should be recommended to reduce risk of flooding after a wildfire?
A. Till soil to increase absorbency.
B. Build retaining walls.
C. Plant ground cover on slopes and vegetation in burnt areas.
D. Purchase flood insurance to minimize future financial risk.
E. All of the above.
14. Which publication would you recommend to a member of the public looking for “best practices” for wildfire mitigation?
A. Home Builder’s Guild to Construction in Wildfire Zones (FEMA P-737)
B. Rebuilding After a Wildfire
C. FEMA Fact Sheet: Wildfires (FEMA-564)
D. At Home in the Woods
15. After a wildfire, adjacent areas at lower elevations may be vulnerable to flooding.
16. Which action is the BEST one to take when advising the public about wildfire mitigation?
A. Offer all FEMA publications that give instructions for rebuilding after a wildfire.
B. Google “rebuilding homes after wildfires” and provide a list of websites.
C. Refer to appropriate FEMA-approved publications and websites, and recommend speaking with local building officials.
D. Explain mitigation techniques from your own experience in the woods.
E. All of the above.
17. If you are asked to recommend a publication that explains how to determine if a house is at risk from a wildfire, you should recommend the FEMA fact sheet “Wildfires.”
18. Zone 3 is a natural area, so there is no need to take any action to create defensible space.
19. Which of the following has the highest potential for fueling and spreading a wildfire?
A. Brick home exterior
B. Dead vegetation
C. Hot and humid weather
D. A structure located downhill from a fire