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                                        IS-322: Flood Mitigation Basics for Mitigation Staff

1. How does closed-basin flooding occur?

A. An off-shore storm pushes water inland to create higher than normal tides and a storm surge.
B. Bodies of water rise due to heavy rain, melting snow, storm surge, or a dam breaking.
C. Intense rainfall creates a wall of water carrying rocks, mud, and debris, sweeping away objects in its path.
D. Water is trapped in an area because the outlet is too small or doesn’t exist. It accumulates over long periods and is slow to recede.

2. Which of the measures below may reduce the risk of future flood damages to a building?

A. Floodproofing
B. Flood control barriers
C. Structure elevation or relocation
D. Property acquisition
E. All of these may be appropriate mitigation measures

3. When advising the public about flood mitigation, which action below should you take?

A. Google "rebuilding homes after a flood” and provide a list of websites.
B. Offer all of the NFIP publications to anyone and everyone.
C. Explain mitigation techniques from your own experiences.
D. Refer to appropriate FEMA-approved publications and websites, and recommend speaking with local building officials.
E. All of the above.

4. When asked, FEMA staff should give specific repair directions to the public.

A. TRUE
B. FALSE

5. An NFIP community is required to have:

A. A repair and rebuilding ordinance for areas, even those not in a flood zone.
B. An adopted floodplain management ordinance.
C. A definition of substantial damage that applies to the unique circumstances of the community.
D. All of these are correct.

6. Which statement below is correct about NFIP?

A. NFIP flood insurance is a mitigation measure that protects policy holders from financial risk of flooding.
B. NFIP is available to all communities.
C. NFIP communities must have ordinances in place regarding all rebuilding.
D. All of these are correct.

7. Which of the following is an example of dry floodproofing?

A. Waterproofing a structure below the BFE using waterproof veneer.
B. Protecting appliances and utilities from flooding by raising them to BFE or higher.
C. Anchoring fuel tanks with straps and ground anchors.
D. All of these are examples of dry floodproofing
E. None of these are examples of dry floodproofing

8. After a disaster event, which agency is responsible for the message to the public about mold hazards and remediation?

A. The State Health Department
B. US Public Health Service
C. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
D. FEMA

9. Which of the following is an example of flash flooding?

A. An off-shore storm pushes water inland to create higher than normal tides and a storm surge.
B. Bodies of water rise due to heavy rain, melting snow, storm surge, or a dam breaking.
C. Intense rainfall creates a wall of water carrying rocks, mud, and debris, sweeping away objects in its path.
D. Water is trapped in an area because the outlet is too small or doesn’t exist. It accumulates over long periods and is slow to recede.

10. Select the item that best describes coastal flooding.

A. An off-shore storm pushes water inland to create higher than normal tides and a storm surge.
B. Bodies of water rise due to heavy rain, melting snow, storm surge, or a dam breaking.
C. Intense rainfall creates a wall of water carrying rocks, mud, and debris, sweeping away objects in its path
D. Water is trapped in an area because the outlet is too small or doesn’t exist. It accumulates over long periods and is slow to recede.

11. Why is it important to direct the public to local building officials?

A. Building officials will reinforce the importance of using licensed contractors.
B. They are knowledgeable about building codes, permits, zoning, etc.
C. There may be a floodplain ordinance in effect in the community.
D. The community may be participating in a mitigation grant program.
E. All of the above.

12. FEMA publications can be found at FEMA.gov and :

A. FLASH
B. HM Disaster Workforce Website
C. IBHS
D. NAHB
E. All of the above.

13. Installing backflow valves on drainpipes or water lines is an example of dry floodproofing.

A. TRUE
B. FALSE

14. Hazard Mitigation (HM) staff should only distribute mold publications provided by HM Community Education and Outreach.

A. TRUE
B. FALSE

15. Which issues should be considered before using flood control barriers to keep water out of a structure?

A. Local drainage can be unintentionally affected.
B. Substantially Damaged/Improved residences cannot use this method to bring the structure into compliance with floodplain ordinances.
C. Periodic maintenance is required to maintain effectiveness
D. All of the above.
E. “a” and “c” only

16. River/stream flooding occurs when:

A. An off-shore storm pushes water inland to create higher than normal tides and a storm surge.
B. Bodies of water rise due to heavy rain, melting snow, storm surge, or a dam breaking.
C. Intense rainfall creates a wall of water carrying rocks, mud, and debris, sweeping away objects in its path
D. Water is trapped in an area because the outlet is too small or doesn’t exist. It accumulates over long periods and is slow to recede.

17. Which FEMA-partner organization(s) below offer information on mitigating damage from floods? A. IBHS
B. FLASH
C. NAHB
D. All of the above.

18. Which is correct regarding a community that participates in NFIP?

A. An adopted floodplain ordinance regulates development in Special Flood Hazard Areas.
B. Flood insurance is available to property owners, businesses, and renters.
C. The floodplain ordinance must require substantially damaged or substantially improved structures in the floodplain to be brought into compliance with the current ordinance.
D. All of these are correct.
E. None of these are correct.

19. Some communities may require the lowest floor of a structure in a Special Flood Hazard Area to be at BFE plus an additional freeboard elevation to account for:

A. Wave action
B. Bridge openings
C. Effects of urbanization on the watershed
D. All of the above
E. “a” and “b” only

20. Mold cannot cause structural damage.

A. TRUE
B. FALSE

21. Which of the following is true about wet floodproofing?

A. Using waterproof veneer on any portion of a structure below the BFE is an effective wet floodproofing measure
B. One method of wet floodproofing involves elevating appliances and utilities to the BFE or higher.
C. Wet floodproofing can only be used for non-residential or commercial structures when they are Substantially Damaged or Substantially Improved.
D. All of these are correct.
E. None of these are correct.


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