FEMA IS 346: An Orientation to Hazardous Materials for Medical Personnel Answers


1. What type of injury is not likely to occur from a chemical?
A. Severe and deep tissue burns
B. Bone damage
C. Laceration or puncture to the skin
D. Eye damage


2. If you have a diagnostic X-ray, then you have been:
A. Contaminated
B. Externally irradiated
C. Exposed to potentially lethal doses of radiation
D. Made radioactive


3. What is the name of a reference tool that is produced by chemical manufacturers that provides information on the chemical identify of the hazardous material, its known acute and chronic effects, and exposure limits, among other things?
A. Chemical Hazards Information Response System
B. The Emergency Response Guidebook for Selected Hazardous Materials
C. CHEMTREC
D. Material Safety Data Sheet


4. Alpha and beta particles and gamma rays are examples of:
A. Ionizing radiation
B. Atoms
C. Isotopes
D. Neutrons


5. Which of the following is an inaccurate statement regarding radiation?
A. More than 80 percent of our exposure to radiation comes from natural sources.
B. X-rays are a significant source of radiation.
C. There was no radiation present prior to 1944.
D. Radiation comes from outer space, the ground, and even from our own bodies.


6. When should you use Level C personal protection equipment?
A. When only minimal skin protection is required
B. When the highest level of respiratory, skin, eye, and mucous membrane protection is needed
C. When you don't require a high level of respiratory protection
D. When you don't need much skin and eye protection


7. Under what circumstances is isolation necessary when dealing with hazardous materials events?
A. When hazardous materials emit vapors or gases
B. When radioactive contamination is suspected
C. During the hospital evacuation
D. When hazardous materials contamination is known or suspected.


8. Which of the following groups designates compliance issues regarding hazardous materials?
A. The Joint Commission for the Accreditation of Hospitals
B. State and local transportation agencies
C. FBI, DOT, FEMA
D. EPA, NRC, and OSHAEPA, NRC, and OSHA


9. How can you reduce the exposure to ionizing radiation?
A. Spend as little time as possible in a radiation field.
B. Stand at least two inches away from the radiation source.
C. Don't live near a nuclear facility.
D. Avoid standing next to a metal doorway.


10. A chemical that causes a sudden, almost instantaneous release of pressure, gas and heat when subjected to
sudden shock, pressure or high temperatures best describes which type of DOT hazardous materials
classification?
A. Class 1'Explosives
B. Class 2'Gases
C. Class 7'Radioactive materials
D. Class 6'Toxic (poisonous) materials and infectious substances


11. Which of the following statements best describes the procedure that should be followed by the person first responding to a hazardous materials emergency call?
A. Contact the security officer immediately.
B. Refer the call to the safety officer.
C. Notify the hospital's admission office of potential patients' arrival.
D. Assume the victim(s) are contaminated until proven otherwise and base any actions on that assumption.


12. Which of the following is most likely to be a source of hazardous materials within the home?
A. Household cleaning products
B. Recycled garbage
C. Lawnmower
D. Heating pad


13. Under what conditions would you take samples of vomitus, sputum and serum creatinine?
A. When internal contamination is suspected
B. When external contamination is suspected
C. When there is the possibility of a lawsuit for incorrect actions
D. When you need to locate contaminated areas


14. Which of the following statements best describes a hospital's involvement in hazardous materials and events?
A. A hospital's primary purpose is to help diagnose the nature of the hazardous chemical.
B. Hospitals are seldom involved in hazardous materials incidents.
C. A hospital's involvement in hazardous materials incidents may take many forms, including diagnosis of the hazardous material and treatment of contaminated patients.
D. A hospital's involvement primarily centers on the decontamination of patients.


15. The SI unit for quantity of radioactive materials is:
A. Millicurie
B. Becquerel
C. Curie
D. Microcurie


16. If you remove the biological (etiologic) contamination hazards through destroying microorganisms and their toxins, what mechanism of decontamination did you use?
A. Disposal
B. Emulsification
C. Absorption
D. Disinfection


17. What is the purpose of a hospital emergency/disaster response plan?
A. It's a reference tool for external responders to an emergency.
B. It describes the policies and procedures that should be followed in the event of a hazardous materials incident.
C. It's a training tool for hospital personnel.
D. It ensures that the hospital is in compliance with OSHA regulations.


18. What is gross decontamination?
A. A type of secondary decontamination
B. Cross-contamination
C. The removal or chemical alteration of the majority of a contaminant
D. A lethal contaminant


19. How is the exposure rate generally expressed?
A. In Gray
B. In Roentgens Per Hour
C. In Microcurie
D. In Radiation Absorbed Dose


20. What is the purpose of a control zone?
A. To differentiate the controlled (contaminated) area from the noncontrolled (uncontaminated) area
B. To establish an area for the reception of contaminated patients
C. To set up barriers to prevent the media's access
D. To control the flow of traffic into the hospital


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