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FEMA IS-386: Introduction to Residential Coastal Construction Answers

1. When assessing potential flood hazards, the effects of multiple storms should be considered.


2. Stillwater elevations in coastal areas will be controlled by the wave crest elevation or the Base Flood Elevation’whichever is higher.


3. Which of the following is an example of risk management through hazard mitigation?


4. After compiling information about candidate properties, the next task is to:


5. Designers should minimize the use of breakaway wall enclosures below the BFE in V zones.


6. Long-term erosion:


7. Building codes do not apply to existing buildings that are being rehabilitated or modified.

8. Risk assessment must account for all of the following EXCEPT:


9. Most U.S. coastal States have adopted a model building code and/or specific requirements concerning the construction of buildings in coastal flood and wind hazard areas.


10. The footprint of a coastal residence lies 10 feet in the V zone and 40 feet in the A zone. According to minimum NFIP requirements:


11. _____________ is used to establish BFEs and differentiate flood hazard zones.


12. In a coast A zone, which of the following design decisions is likely to result in reduced long-term costs?


13. Designers should ignore the effects of low-frequency, rare events when determining a site’s potential vulnerability to hazards.


14. Which of the following is a recommended infill development practice?



15. Which of the following should be avoided in coastal areas subject to wave impact?


16. To determine the probability that a building will be affected by a specific natural hazard event, the designer must know:


17. Areas that are subject to inundation by a flood that has a one percent probability of being equaled or exceeded in any given year are called:


18. To be considered a success, a building must:


19. Siting downdrift of a stabilized tidal inlet does not protect a building from significant erosion.


20. Coastal sediment budget refers to:


21. NFIP flood insurance is:


22. The NFIP regulations require that buildings be constructed with methods and practices that minimize flood damage. This requirement applies to buildings in:


23. Because storms are short-lived, the amount of erosion induced by storms tends to be minor.


24. If you are standing between the inland side of the primary frontal dune and the beach, what zone are you in?


25. In a design seismic event, a building that sustains significant damage but protects life and provides safety would be considered a building success.


26. Current FIRMs do not account for:



27. Meeting minimum A zone foundation and elevation requirements ensures that a building can resist coastal flood forces.


28. Tropical cyclones can cause all of the following EXCEPT:


29. Which of the following would cause insurance for a coastal residence to be more costly?


30. If you obtain a federally regulated mortgage for your beachfront property and use that property to secure the mortgage, you:


31. A community that adopts __________ will be compliant with the regulatory requirements of the NFIP and the NEHRP recommendations.


32. Which of the following areas are most vulnerable to hurricanes?


33. FIRMs will give the designer the following information:


34. In evaluating existing hazard information, designers should:


35. Failure to provide a continuous load path from roof to foundation may lead to structural failure.


36. Which of the following is a raw land development siting practice to be avoided?


37. Wind damage to a building depends on:


38. Safety factors are inherent in the design process for wind but not for flood.


39. Siting strategies for reducing risk include all of the following EXCEPT:


40. Prudent siting and insurance are both mitigation approaches.


41. If more sediment is transported by coastal processes or human actions into a given area than is transported out, shoreline accretion results.


42. Which of the following causes the most severe flood damage to coastal buildings?



43. It is prudent to incorporate freeboard in the design of a coastal building.


44. In a hurricane, even minor damage to the ___________ can lead to large economic losses.


45. In identifying candidate coastal properties for development, past development practices in the area are one of the best indicators of potential success.