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IS-393.B: Introduction to Hazard Mitigation

1. Which of the following documents can guide the assessment of risks in hazard mitigation? A. Local Mitigation Planning Handbook

B. National Mitigation Framework

C. Developing the Mitigation Plan

D. National Incident Management System

2. Loss estimate is one of the four types of hazard mitigation actions. A. TRUE


3. What are the three steps for gaining support for hazard mitigation according to the Local Mitigation Planning Handbook? A. Access community support, identify resources, and determine roles and responsibilities.

B. Build the hazard mitigation planning team, implement mitigation strategy, and determine what hazards threaten the community.

C. Identify threats and hazards, give the threats and hazards context, and establish capability targets.

D. Access community support, build the hazard mitigation planning team, and engage the public.

4. In the flood surge mitigation story you've read in Lesson 1, the weatherman Frank Billingsley urges his viewers to “put a pencil to what building just a little stronger will do for your house, versus what repair costs will be next time.” A. TRUE


5. Which of the following are examples of disaster? A. Wildfire

B. Landslides

C. Storms

D. Earthquakes

E. All of the above

6. Which of the following is considered part of the Whole Community? A. Faith-based organizations

B. Schools and academia

C. Media outlets

D. All of the above

7. What is an essential characteristic of sustainable communities? A. Close location from a major airport

B. Resilience to disasters

C. High income

D. Access to many natural resources

8. Presenting the results of the risk assessment to the public is not a good strategy since they will increase concern over potential hazards. A. TRUE


9. What is an exposure? A. Susceptibility to physical injury, harm, damage, or economic loss

B. An act or phenomenon that has the potential to produce harm or other undesirable consequences to a person or thing

C. The estimated impact that a hazard would have on people, services, facilities, and structures in a community

D. The people, property, systems, or functions that could be lost to a hazard

10. The National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program (NEHRP) is one of the Federal mitigation programs. A. TRUE


11. Communities may pursue disaster resilience through… A. reducing risks to future development.

B. taking steps to protect existing development.

C. preparing people, property, critical infrastructure, and the economy to withstand from the impact of disasters.

D. All of the above

12. Which of the following is true about a hazard mitigation strategy? A. It provides direction for the community's efforts to reduce the potential losses identified in the risk assessment.

B. It should be based on existing policies, programs, and resources in the local community.

C. It should be flexible enough to be expanded, reduced, or improved if existing conditions change.

D. All of the above

13. ______ is one of the four types of hazard mitigation actions. A. Global plans and regulations

B. Natural systems protection

C. Situational awareness

D. Risk assessment

14. Which of the following is the last step for risk assessment? A. Profile hazard events.

B. Inventory assets.

C. Identify hazards.

D. Summarize vulnerability.

15. Which of the following is a result of communities taking steps to reduce their vulnerability to potential hazard events? A. Shorter recovery time period after a disaster

B. Reduced damage to property after a disaster

C. Improved attractiveness to individuals and businesses

D. All of the above

16. In the wildfire success story you've read in Lesson 1, what type of mitigation project has Bastrop County, TX has successfully conducted in response to wildfires? A. Flood management system project

B. Debris management project

C. Hazardous fuels mitigation project

D. All of the above

17. In the tornado mitigation success story you've read in Lesson 1, how has the Texas Department of Transportation provided hazard safety at rest stops throughout the state? A. By reducing the number of facilities

B. By elevating facilities

C. By building tornado shelters in facilities

D. All of the above

18. What is the first step for developing the community hazard mitigation plan? A. Prepare the implementation strategy.

B. Document the planning process.

C. Identify and prioritize mitigation actions.

D. Establish mitigation goals.

19. Which of the following is an example of a mitigation action? A. Providing supplies to those who have lost their homes in a disaster

B. Conducting situational assessment

C. Relocation of homes away from hazard-prone areas

D. Providing emergency health and medical services

20. What is the goal of all hazard mitigation efforts? A. Employment increase

B. Cost reduction

C. Rsources preservation

D. Risk reduction

21. Which of the following does the Public Assistance Program provide supplemental Federal disaster grant assistance for? A. Debris removal

B. Emergency protective measures

C. Repair, replacement, or restoration of certain nonprofit organization facilities

D. All of the above

22. Once complete, it is important to compile the results of the entire risk assessment into a: A. Town hall meeting with community residents

B. Meeting among elected officials

C. Brochure

D. Written report

23. Which of the following is a good way to find hazard information in order to determine what kinds of hazards can affect a community? A. Review existing plans.

B. Search old newspapers and historical records.

C. Talk to the experts in the community, State, or region.

D. Gather information on Internet websites of relevant agencies.

E. All of the above

24. Effective mitigation actions can potentially increase the expense of a natural hazard event. A. TRUE


25. What differentiates the Mitigation mission area from Prevention and Response mission areas? A. The emphasis on environmental protection

B. The emphasis on situational awareness.

C. The emphasis on sustained actions to reduce long-term risk

D. All of the above

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