FEMA IS-394.A: Protecting Your Home or Small Business From Disaster Answers 1. An example of a structural measure to protect against damage is to: A. Move heavy objects away from seating areas. B. Clear flammable vegetation to create a safety zone. C. Move important documents to an upper floor. D. Elevate a building in a flood-prone area. 2. Installing backflow valves is a measure used for which item below? A. toilet bowl B. sewer system C. drain pipe D. flood insurance 3. The most common type of disaster in the United States is: A. Flooding. B. Hurricanes. C. Wildfires. D. Tornadoes. 4. One hazard that can be predicted days in advance is a: A. Tsunami. B. Earthquake. C. Hurricane. D. Wildfire. 5. Sources of local government information about hazards affecting your area include: A. Building and zoning officials. B. Planning department. C. Floodplain manager. D. All of the above. 6. To protect windows from wind damage, which measure is recommended? A. Buy or make storm shutters B. Cover windows with plastic C. Leave windows open D. Use sliding bolts 7. To prevent water from entering your home, what protective measure should you install if you have a floor drain? A. Float plugs B. Flood wall C. Sump pump D. Covering with wood 8. Earthquakes occur most frequently: A. In the Upper Midwest. B. West of the Rocky Mountains. C. At the New Madrid fault in Missouri. D. East of the Rocky Mountains. 9. An example of a fire-resistant roofing material is: A. Tile roofing. B. Tar-sealed roofing. C. Asphalt shingles. D. Wood shakes. 10. The most common type of wildfire is a surface fire, which generally is started by: A. Downed power lines. B. Hot, dry conditions. C. Lightning. D. People. 11. The cripple wall can be protected in an earthquake with the following measure. A. Brace with horizontal blocking B. Install shutters C. Install hurricane straps D. Secure to the floor 12. Hazards reviewed in detail in the course include: A. Flooding, earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, and wildfires. B. Flooding, earthquakes, tornadoes, tsunamis, and wildfires. C. Landslides, hurricanes, tornadoes, and earthquakes. D. Landslides, earthquakes, wildfires, and hurricanes. 13. The ___________ should be secured with sheet metal straps and angle bracing to protect against an earthquake. A. Chimney B. Double doors C. Wall D. Windows 14. To reduce earthquake damage in homes with a perimeter foundation, you should make sure this is securely bolted to the foundation. A. Fuel tanks B. The sill plate C. Furniture D. Garage doors 15. A nonstructural measure to avoid earthquake damage is: A. Fastening water heaters. B. Securing chimneys with metal straps. C. Elevating the structure. D. Bracing cripple walls. 16. To ensure a garage door is strong enough to resist hurricane-force winds, this measure would be required. A. Reinforce with nails B. Board up the door C. Install horizontal bracing D. Remove the door 17. Which protective measure is used for propane and heating oil tanks to protect against flooding? A. Draining B. Moving to higher ground C. Anchoring D. Placing barriers around them 18. What should you do with your washer and dryer to protect them from flooding? A. Elevate them at least 5 feet above the floor B. Insert a rug or wood underneath the appliance C. Move them to another part of the basement D. Elevate them at least 1 foot above the projected flood level 19. What structures would be protected against wind damage by securing them with sliding bolts? A. Windows B. Double-entry doors C. Furniture D. Decks 20. A nonstructural measure you can take before a hurricane is predicted to hit your area is: A. Secure the foundation to the walls of your home. B. Bring in outdoor furniture and other personal property kept outdoors. C. Construct a safe room below ground level. D. Install plywood shutters to protect windows. 21. Install hurricane straps to this structure to protect your home or small business from high winds. A. Window B. Roof C. Door D. Floor 22. To find the projected flood level for your home or place of business, you should consult: A. Satellite photos of your community. B. United States Geological Service (USGS) quadrangle maps of your community. C. A flood map of your community. D. Neighbors who are familiar with your community’s flooding history. 23. Retrofitting measures to protect against water damage include: A. Elevating utilities and service equipment. B. Obtaining adequate flood insurance. C. Bracing foundations. D. Securing doors and windows. 24. Structures that are especially susceptible to wind damage are: A. Steel-frame buildings. B. Brick structures. C. Buildings with roofs secured with hurricane straps. D. Manufactured homes. 25. A measure that can be used to create a safety zone around a home or business to protect against wildfire is: A. Do not connect wooden fencing directly to your home. B. Cover windows with heavy drapes. C. Move outdoor furniture indoors. D. Turn off gas supply lines.