FEMA IS-405: Overview of Mass Care/Emergency Assistance Answers 1. True or False: When providing MC/EA support, emergency management staff should always consider the needs of the whole community, including those with disabilities and other access and functional needs as well as those with household pets and service animals. A. True B. False 2. In which phase of the MC/EA sequence of support are multiple MC/EA support requests prioritized and appropriate action recommended? A. Monitor B. Support C. Analyze and Validate D. None of the above 3. Which of the following best describes the MC/EA Sequence of Support? A. A comprehensive, national approach that provides the template for incident management B. A comprehensive, national, all-hazards approach to domestic incidents C. The provision of life-sustaining services in a safe, sanitary, and secure environment for survivors who have been affected by disasters and people who evacuate before a disaster strikes D. A representation of the fundamental process used to support MC/EA activities 4. Which of the following are examples of community resources available to support disaster activities? A. Nonprofit sector organizations, such as voluntary organizations, faith-based organizations, and professional associations B. Private sector organizations, such as chambers of commerce, businesses, and other for-profit organizations C. Members of the public sector, including individuals with specific skills, spontaneous volunteers, and community members D. All of the above are examples of community resources that could be available to support disaster activities 5. A local community contains a large ethnic population unable to eat certain types of food due to dietary constraints. Which of the following Mass Care/Emergency Assistance activities would best address this scenario? A. Sheltering B. Support of People with Disabilities and Other Access and Functional Needs C. Feeding D. Mass Evacuation Support 6. The National Response Framework (NRF) does all of the following EXCEPT: A. Guide local, State, and Federal entities, enabling partners to prepare for and respond under a unified command structure B. Provide context for how the whole community works together and how response efforts relate to other parts of national preparedness C. Reinforce a comprehensive, national, all-hazards approach to domestic incidents D. Explain why members of the community should not interere in MC/EA activities 7. Which of the following best defines “Sheltering”? A. A means by which residents, emergency management practitioners, organizational and community leaders, and government officials can collectively understand and assess the needs of their respective communities and determine the best ways to organize and strengthen their assets, capacities, and interest B. The provision of food, snacks, and hydration to the affected population and emergency workers C. A comprehensive, national approach that provides the template for incident management D. The provision of life-sustaining services in a safe, sanitary, and secure environment for survivors who have been affected by disasters and people who evacuate before a disaster strikes 8. All of the following are Emergency Assistance activities EXCEPT: A. Feeding B. Support of People with Disabilities and Other Access and Functional Needs C. Mass Evacuation Support D. Household Pet and Service Animal Support 9. Although the MC/EA sequence of support is a continuous loop, it typically begins with which phase? A. Monitor B. Support C. Analyze and Validate D. None of the above 10. Why is it important to think about Mass Care and Emergency Assistance activities in an interoperable way? A. MC/EA assistance is extremely expensive and therefore must only be provided to a small percentage of the community. B. All MC/EA activities must be performed separately. C. For a successful response, MC/EA activities should be conducted as an interdependent process instead of in isolation. D. Those affected by disaster must have their needs addressed individually. 11. Which of the following is an example of how resources can assist with the interoperability of MC/EA activities? A. National Mass Evacuation Tracking System (NMETS) can be used to help support several MC/EA activities, including Mass Evacuation Support, Reunification Services, Household Pet and Service Animal Support, and Support of People with Disabilities and other Access and Functional Needs. B. The Safe and Well application allows people affected by a disaster to list themselves as “safe and well”. C. Individuals who access NEFRLS to report, register as, or search for a displaced child age 21 or younger are directed to National Emergency Child Locator Center (NECLC). D. The National Emergency Family Registry and Locator System (NEFRLS) allows family members to call a toll-free number to search for displaced loved ones. 12. Which of the following statements about the National Response Framework (NRF) is true? A. The Framework established ESF #6 Annex, which is the primary source of direction and information for the MC/EA activities. B. The Framework was overturned in 1998 and has been completely replaced with new guidance. C. The Framework requires an annual vote of activities that will be included in MC/EA. D. The Framework specifically states that MC/EA support is not permitted for animals. 13. Which of the following is NOT one of the Mass Care and Emergency Assistance activities? A. Reunification services B. Retrieval of personal belongings C. Distribution of emergency supplies D. Feeding 14. Which of the following is the best example of how MC/EA activities are addressed in an interoperable way? A. FEMA works separately from the states to ensure MC/EA activites are provided in a timely fashion. B. Sheltering support will involve coordination with other MC/EA activities such as feeding, support of people with disabilities and other access and functional needs, and household pet and service animal support. C. The American Red Cross has an online application that allows people affected by a disaster to list themselves as “safe and well.” D. Feeding support involves the provision of food, snacks, and hydration to the affected population. 15. How does the National Incident Management System (NIMS) support MC/EA activities? A. It defines the amount of financial assistance that each segment of the community will receive for MC/EA activities B. It outlines the various levels of authority within a community C. It provides a systematic approach within which MC/EA activities are delivered D. It prohibits individual members of the community from interfering in MC/EA activities 16. After recent flooding has caused significant damage to a local community, data has been gathered to contribute to situational awareness. Additionally, requests for support from organizations providing MC/EA services have been received and are being tracked. Which of the following actions should take place next, based on the MC/EA sequence of support? A. The MC/EA sequence of support does not apply in this situation. B. Resource support and technical assistance should be provided, and the initial requests for support should be tracked to ensure that they are being fulfilled. C. The decision should be made, in coordination with MC/EA stakeholders, as to whether the MC/EA sequence of support should continue. D. Information and data should be analyzed and validated to ensure accuracy. Changes in MC/EA resource needs should be anticipated and options should be considered. MC/EA support requests should then be prioritized and appropriate actions should be recommended.