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FEMA Test Answers
FEMA Test Answers
FEMA IS-556: Damage Assessment for Public Works Answers
In Washington County, 8 to 10 inches of rain fell in two days. Roads and bridges were washed away by the raging floodwaters.
A. Use photo and video to document the damage following each storm
Use more individuals from the community as members of the damage response teams
Have state and federal officials interview local citizens about the damage
Which of the following provides the best description of the value of an after-action report?
A. Addresses opportunities for improvement of plans and procedures
Resolves issues through the development of concrete corrective actions
Provides documentation to be filed in case of a future audit
Focuses on whom to blame for a failed attempt at implementing the plan
Which of the following best describes the information that risk and vulnerability assessments can provide?
A. Detailed and accurate data that can be used for damage assessment documentation
An evaluation of how the hazards identified could affect your community
Measurement of a community’s response capabilities
Prescribed response actions for each hazard identified in the analysis
Which of the following is the best choice for a potential member of the local damage assessment response team?
A. City Manager
Code Enforcement Official
Emergency Management Director
Which of the following is a recommended resource that provides training for local damage assessment?
A. FEMA’s Emergency Management Institute
Local Emergency Management Agency
All of the above
Which of the following areas should NOT be focused on while conducting a visual inspection for initial damage assessment (i.e., a windshield survey)?
A. Structural damages
Amounts of debris
Impacts to utilities
Which of the following is an example of a critical infrastructure or key resource that the public works agency would likely be responsible for in a community?
A. Movie theatre
Electric power system
Risk and vulnerability assessment records indicate that there are hazardous materials stored in some of the facilities located in an industrial area that has been damaged by a tornado. You are unsure of whether any hazardous materials could have leaked onto the ground or in the air. As a member of the damage assessment response team, how should you initially respond to this situation? Select the best response.
A. Note the date and time you are conducting your assessment
Identify critical infrastructure and key resources that have been damaged
Contact neighboring communities with which your community has mutual aid agreements
Report the potential hazardous materials leak as a life safety issue
Which of the following is NOT a recommended method of documenting damage assessment information for the community, agency or organization?
A. Photo documentation of property damage
Surveys of local residents
Conversation with Federal officials
Interviews with first responders
Which of the following best describes the value of training and exercises to a local damage assessment program?
A. Provides input for individual performance reviews
Allows for the analysis of only the strengths in the plan
Allows planners to see areas for improvement to the program
Decreases the need for inter- and intra-agency coordination
Which of the following is the LEAST relevant area to be included in training for the local damage assessment response teams?
A. Personal safety
Public works assignments
Which of the following is NOT a common planning step for a damage assessment program?
A. Submit documentation to the state
Identify damage assessment zones
Determine plan components and assumptions
Gather historical hazard information
How can the community and the damage assessment response team be better prepared to deal with the human impact of disaster?
A. Learn to recognize the signs of stress and how to manage it
Prepare for an increased demand for mental health services
Plan for provision of Critical Incident Stress Management
All of the above
Which of the following is NOT one of the main priorities that most communities include as a planning assumption in the damage assessment plan?
Which of the following best describes the guidelines for establishing local standards for damage assessment?
A. You must use only a 4-point damage assessment scale
You should develop a 10-point damage assessment scale
Data collection procedures should be established according to available resources
Local standards can be established without regard to other guidelines
What should be changed as a part of maintaining the damage assessment plan?
A. Forms and data should be updated.
Modify training and exercises to suit current data.
Near misses should be documented as a means to evaluate effectiveness.
All of the above.
Which list is the correct order for the steps in the process for conducting a hazard analysis?
A. Identify hazards. profile hazards, inventory assets, estimate losses
Identify hazards, inventory assets, profile hazards, estimate losses
Inventory assets, estimate losses, identify hazards, profile hazards
Inventory assets, identify hazards, profile hazards, estimate losses
Which of the following would be the best potential member of the local damage assessment planning team?
A. First responders
Local store owners
Which of the following best explains how damage assessment information is used after an event?
A. It sets priorities in the beginning of the process but is soon replaced by Federal data
It helps to identify areas for improvement in the damage assessment program
It is kept on file as documentation but not used any further
It is an optional part of the application for a Presidential Disaster Declaration
What is the role of public works in the damage assessment planning process?
A. Public works should not be a part of the planning process for the community because the agency develops its own damage assessment plan.
Public works should include their agency damage assessment plan as a part of the community’s damage assessment plan.
Public works should develop a damage assessment plan for the agency independent of other existing plans in the community.
Public works should develop a damage assessment plan for the agency and for the community that prescribes specific details of exact reactions to different events.
Which of the following best describes the difference between a risk assessment and a vulnerability assessment?
A. Risk assessments consider how each potential hazard will affect critical infrastructure and key resources; vulnerability assessments provide information about all the hazards that are likely to occur.
Risk assessments answer, ‘How and where could each hazard event affect the community?’ Vulnerability assessments answer, ‘What could happen to adversely impact the community?’
Risk assessments answer, ‘What could happen to adversely impact the community?’ Vulnerability assessments answer, ‘How and where could each hazard affect the community?’
Risk assessments and vulnerability assessments both provide information about what hazards are likely to occur in the community, and both include information about impacts to critical infrastructure.
Which of the following best describes the difference between a hazard and vulnerability?
A. A hazard is the estimated impact on people, services, facilities, and structures in a community; vulnerability is a description of how exposed or susceptible an asset is to damage.
A hazard is a potentially dangerous or harmful situation; vulnerability is a description of how exposed or susceptible an asset is to damage.
A hazard is a potentially dangerous or harmful situation; vulnerability may be categorized as natural or as adversarial/human-caused.
A hazard depends on the asset’s construction, contents, economic value, and replacement/repair costs; vulnerability is the estimated impact on people, services, facilities, and structures in a community.
Which of the following is one of the basic principles for effective training and exercises?
A. Exercises should test all aspects of the plan
Exercises should focus on working within one agency
Evaluation should be focused only on individual performance
Questions and problems should move from complex to simple
Which of the following best describes the purpose of damage assessment?
A. Determines where to direct resources and what resources are needed.
Determines the vulnerability of critical infrastructure and key resources to hazards.
Provides estimated damage and repair costs based solely on property values.
Provides information to the community about impending damage.