1. Which of the following would be the most effective non-structural mitigation strategy that a community might implement after a flood event? A. Relocation of infrastructure
    2. Land acquisition
    3. Hardened buildings
    4. Building code revision
    5. Which of the following is most likely to be a recovery activity led by public works? A. Securing damaged neighborhoods
    6. Search and rescue
    7. Removing and managing debris
    8. Establishing a health and safety plan
    9. Which of the following statements regarding the avenues for acquiring additional resources to assist with recovery needs is most accurate? A. Mutual aid should be the last avenue for acquiring additional resources.
    10. Local laws often prevent the establishment of procurement procedures prior to an event.
    11. Efforts should be made to use outside resources before depleting local resources.
    12. When additional resources are needed, the agency should first consider redirecting existing in-house resources.
    13. While repairing a bridge damaged by flooding, public works officials conclude that replacing an older culvert with a larger one would allow more water to pass and lessen the chance of future damage to the bridge. Which of the following is considered an ‘on-the-spot’ mitigation program that would allow public works to implement this mitigation action while repairing the impacted structure? A. Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan (NHMP)
    14. Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
    15. Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) Grant Program
    16. Public Assistance Section 406 Mitigation (Section 406)
    17. Which of the following best describes the difference between the Public Assistance Program (PA) and Individual Assistance Program (IA)? A. Public Assistance provides assistance to any members of the general public and has much broader scope whereas Individual Assistance is determined on a case-by-case basis and has more eligibility requirements.
    18. IA programs provide assistance for individuals in a disaster where a state is overwhelmed and PA programs partially reimburse state, local, and tribal governments for eligible disaster costs.
    19. Public Assistance is part of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act whereas Individual Assistance is funded by other sources.
    20. IA programs will reimburse individuals up to 75% of their eligible, disaster-related expenses and PA programs cover no more than 50% of a state, local, or tribal government’s expenses.
    21. Managing volunteers falls primarily under which type of administrative consideration for recovery planning? A. Documentation considerations
    22. Staffing considerations
    23. Legal considerations
    24. Financial considerations
    25. Which of the following choices is NOT an example of support services that public works may provide to other agencies during the recovery period? A. Revising the community emergency operations plan
    26. Providing technical and engineering services
    27. Estimating costs and making temporary repairs
    28. Continuing community-wide damage assessment
    29. Which of the following statements regarding intra-agency communication is true? A. Intra-agency communication is far less important than communication with the public.
    30. During recovery, public works’ information is often some of the most important an emergency manager can receive.
    31. Information on financial impacts is an unnecessary intra-agency communication.
    32. During recovery, public works should wait for the public information officer to request information before sending it.
    33. Which of the following is the best advice in regard to involving the public in the recovery process? A. Town hall meetings and public surveys help bring valuable input and yield more community support.
    34. Involving the public in the recovery process should be limited since this often leads to a lack of clarity and focus.
    35. Public information efforts should be kept agency-specific so that your message is not confused with that of other organizations and jurisdictions.
    36. Social media has more potential to harm the recovery process than help it.
    37. Which of the following is a FALSE statement regarding information that should be communicated to the public during recovery? A. Information should be disseminated through news releases, public service announcements, and social media.
    38. Information that should be communicated to the public during recovery includes recovery plans within the community.
    39. Potential life safety issues should not be communicated since they may pose a risk of panic.
    40. The public should be aware of where and how to gather information about the recovery process.
    41. Which of the following is the best example of the information that should be gathered by a disaster recovery planning team in order to develop the recovery plan? A. Analysis of effects from past events and predictions of future events
    42. Community-wide recovery plan, other area public works recovery plans, Federal recovery planning requirements
    43. Pre-event priorities, availability of resources, jurisdictional responsibilities, risk and vulnerability assessments, community-wide recovery plan
    44. Staffing information, legal information, financial information, documentation information
    45. Which of the following is the best explanation of how risk and vulnerability assessment information is used for recovery planning? A. Recovery planning utilizes risk and vulnerability assessment information to assist with every process except for estimating losses.
    46. Risk and vulnerability assessment information drive the planning process by identifying needed information to be gathered by the planning team.
    47. Risk and vulnerability assessment information allow for the application of information gathered in one community to others nearby.
    48. Recovery planning utilizes risk and vulnerability assessment information as a back-up to other plans.
    49. When choosing a feasible, sustainable recovery project, which of the following is a valid statement? A. It is better to fund many small projects rather than only a few large ones.
    50. Selection of projects should be put to a vote whenever possible.
    51. Projects that can be achieved quickly should be held off to allow long-term projects to begin.
    52. A system should be established to review potential projects using criteria such as quality of life, community support, and hazard mitigation value.
    53. During the implementation and maintenance of the recovery plan, what is most likely to assist in the development of lessons learned and ensure accountability of the expenditure of public funds? A. Documentation of project implementation
    54. Posting the recovery framework online
    55. Continued revisions of the plan
    56. Communication with the public
    57. Which of the following components are considered necessary for the health and welfare of the population of the community and therefore receive high priority in recovery efforts? A. Risk and Vulnerability Assessments
    58. Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources
    59. Economic Impacts
    60. Environmental Impacts
    61. Which of the following best describes how inspection services contribute to the recovery process? A. Without inspection services the recovery process would take a substantially longer period of time.
    62. Inspection services determine the proper course of action for damaged buildings or facilities.
    63. Providing inspection services to private individuals is a valuable funding resource.
    64. Inspection services allow for accurate risk and vulnerability assessments used in recovery planning.
    65. Which of the following statements regarding public works and the importance of planning for recovery is most accurate? A. Public works recovery plans are required in order to receive any federal disaster assistance.
    66. Recovery planning is important although it is not very cost effective.
    67. Planning for recovery is a process best left to other agencies.
    68. Planning for recovery can help reduce future losses to public works facilities and systems.
    69. Which of the following is an example of critical infrastructure and key resources for which public works may have responsibility during recovery? A. Staffing hotels
    70. Restocking retail stores
    71. Acquiring medical supplies
    72. Reconstructing bridges
    73. Which of the following statements best describes the function of public works in providing key services to the community? A. Public works functions include all community services not performed by private companies.
    74. The main function of public works is to repair and maintain roads and highways.
    75. Public works functions usually fall under the jurisdiction of the state government.
    76. Various public works functions, such as utilities, sanitation, and municipal engineering, provide a wide range of key services.
    77. Which of the following is NOT an example of public works providing support in protecting the environment? A. Coastal management, such as beach re-nourishment
    78. Clearing and cleaning canals and other storm drainage systems
    79. Enforcement of curfews
    80. Debris management
    81. Which of the following best describes the benefits of mitigation planning? A. Mitigation planning reduces the impact of future events and benefits the community through reducing future losses and needs for response, increasing funding eligibility, and strengthening community partnerships.
    82. Mitigation planning is the most cost-effective measure a community can take in the process of planning for recovery.
    83. Mitigation planning increases the potential of a community to recover economic losses from a disaster event by involving stakeholders with the necessary resources for recovery.
    84. Mitigation planning is the best method for preventing future disaster events and ensuring the health and safety of the community.
    85. Right-of-way clearance, recycling efforts, hazardous materials, and contracting for services are all components that need to be considered in what type of plan? A. Critical infrastructure management plan
    86. Public safety and health plan
    87. Debris management plan
    88. Mitigation plan
    89. Which of the following would probably be the LEAST effective method for the public works agency to coordinate recovery efforts with those of the community? A. Make the public works recovery plan available if anyone asks for it.
    90. Assign one or more recovery liaison(s).
    91. Subscribe to all recovery function email lists.
    92. Inquire about and attend all recovery meetings in the community.
    93. Which of the following is a function of the Recovery Task Force (RTF) or Long Term Recovery Committee (LTRC)? A. Implementing the recovery plan
    94. Enforcing building codes and ordinances
    95. Coordinating first responders
    96. Identifying possible mitigation opportunities
    97. How might the public works agency be involved in protecting public safety and health during the recovery period? A. Providing emergency power for shelters.
    98. Enforcing traffic laws and issuing citations
    99. Gathering statistics on illnesses
    100. Developing private contracts
    101. When planning for recovery, who should be included on the public works planning team? A. Any public works agency employee who is interested, representatives from other community agencies and departments, and local government representatives
    102. Public works agency supervisors or functional directors, as well as additional stakeholders or partners like emergency management representatives, private utilities, and corresponding state agencies
    103. Only public works agency supervisors or functional directors, representing roads and bridges, utilities, facilities, sanitation, parks, fleet management, and other public works functions
    104. Elected officials at both the state and local level, emergency management representatives, and a cross-section of community members