FEMA Test Answers
Preparedness is defined as actions taken to plan, organize, equip, train, and exercise to build and sustain the capabilities necessary to:
Respond to, and
Recover from those threats that pose the greatest risk.
Select the missing item from below: A. Mitigate the effects of,
Negate the effects of,
Predict the effects of,
Avert the effects of,
When meeting with your emergency response team, you may hear the acronym ‘ICS.’ The Incident Command System (ICS) is a standardized, on-scene, incident management approach. ICS is: A. Used to manage day-to-day emergency management operations.
Based on command structures derived from military doctrine rather than business models.
Most appropriate for complex disasters that involve multiple jurisdictions.
Flexible and can be used for incidents of any type, scope, and complexity.
When it is clear that State capabilities will be exceeded, which of the following individuals requests Federal assistance, including assistance under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act)? A. FEMA regional official
Certified emergency manager
Local elected official
The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 requires: A. Jurisdictions seeking certain disaster assistance funding to have approved mitigation plans.
States to enact floodplain legislation in order to be eligible for Stafford Act disaster declarations.
States to develop a comprehensive list of infrastructure that needs to more hazard resistant.
Jurisdictions to appoint a hazard mitigation officer who reports to the emergency manager.
An emergency operations plan (EOP): A. Specifies how essential government functions will be reconstituted following a disaster.
Is provided to each jurisdiction by State emergency management officials.
Includes budgets for capital improvements of emergency facilities.
Outlines how response actions will be coordinated for all hazards.
During an incident, the senior official should: A. Develop an Incident Action Plan for each operational period.
Be available to make policy decisions at the Emergency Operations Center.
Retain authority for making command and tactical response decisions.
Maintain a presence at the Incident Command Post to help direct response operations.
Elected officials follow Federal authorities rather than local ordinances when proclaiming a state of emergency or imposing restrictions during an emergency (e.g., controlling traffic, closing or restricting areas, or imposing curfew). A. True
Senior officials should delegate the responsibility rather than participate in periodic training and exercises in order to test and evaluate plans, policies, and procedures. A. True
A mayor, city manager, or county manager, as a jurisdiction’s chief executive officer, is responsible for ensuring the public safety and welfare of the people of that jurisdiction. A. True
Select the FALSE statement from below: A. Ideally, the emergency manager should report directly to the jurisdiction’s chief elected official. This arrangement allows the senior official to have direct access to unfiltered information from the emergency manager.
Emergency management coordinates and integrates activities and capabilities to address emergencies due to all hazards.
While protecting the population is a primary responsibility of government, senior officials cannot accomplish this responsibility without building partnerships among disciplines and across all sectors, including the private sector.
It is advisable to make emergency management decisions during times of disaster rather than integrating these considerations into daily decisions.