GIS concepts and principles were first developed and applied during the 1800s. Given this history, GIS: A. Remains relatively unstable.

Works well when merged with Hazus-MH.

Has been rendered obsolete by other imaging programs.

a dynamic tool for creating, manipulating, and analyze data.

The software program that develops plume models of an area of a hazardous materials incident using current weather conditions is: A. The Geo-Targeted Alerting System (GTAS).

Areal Locations of Hazardous Atmospheres (ALOHA).

Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS).

Hazards U.S.-Multi-Hazard (HAZUS US).

Linking the data digitally to a geographic location is called: A. Georeferencing.

Location referencing.

Aerial referencing.

Topographic referencing.

The National Geospatial Partnership (NGP) is a GIS resource that is available through the: A. National Geographic Society (NatGeo).

Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC).

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

Geospatial Platform (GP).

Despite its complexity, GIS can be used easily by any emergency manager. A. True

False

The product that emergency managers can used to illustrate areas now in the floodplain that previously were not is the: A. Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM).

Percent Chance Flood Grid (PCFG).

Flood Depth Grid (FDG).

Changes Since Last FIRM (CSLF).

_______________________ is a risk assessment program that is used for analyzing potential losses from floods, hurricane winds, and earthquakes. A. ALOHA

Geo-Target

Hazus-MH

FIRM

The GIS characteristic that corrects for the distortion to create an accurate map is: A. Map projection.

Adjusted aerial photography.

Geometric correction.

Accuracy creation.

The data manipulation technique that would be used to identify the expansion of an infectious disease is called a: A. Spread projection.

Base map.

Plume model.

Geo-target.

A vast amount of spatial information has been collected and stored as layers. These layers can be superimposed on the ____________ to create the precise view required. A. Data set

Base map

Orthophotos

Raster data

The science organization that provides impartial information on the health of ecosystems and the environment is the: A. National Geographic Society (NatGeo).

Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC).

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

Geospatial Platform (GP).

The organization that provides executive, managerial, and advisory direction and oversight for geospatial decisions and initiatives across the Federal Government is the: A. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC).

National Weather Service (NWS).

Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC).

GIS can produce accurate plume modeling data when used with: A. Any EPA data.

Hazus-MH.

ALOHA.

Base map data.

The product that shows the likelihood of flooding at least once within a 30-year period is the: A. Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM).

Percent Chance Flood Grid (PCFG).

Flood Depth Grid (FDG).

Changes Since Last FIRM (CSLF).

GIS is useful for emergency management but its primary use is to locate underground utilities. A. True

False

The GIS database is a map with a unique number, or identifier. Target data can be located using: A. Codes.

Linkage data.

Property identifiers.

Queries.

Points, lines, and polygons that represent the locations and/or boundaries of map features are types of: A. Vector data.

Georeferencing.

Map projection.

Raster modeling.

GIS allows layers of spatial information to be downloaded and manipulated until the desired map is created. A. True

False

One of the best sources for aggregate demographic data is the: A. Department of Labor.

Office of Personnel Management.

Census Bureau.

Internal Revenue Service.

The GIS characteristic that combines image characteristics of a photograph with the geometric qualities of a map is called: A. Simple analysis.

Digital orthophotography.

Adjusted aerial photography.

Geoprojecting.